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**Historical Evolution of Advertising:**
– Ancient advertising methods in China, Egypt, Pompeii, and Arabia
– Growth of newspaper advertising in the 18th and 19th centuries
– Modern advertising techniques introduced by Thomas J. Barratt
– Impact of advertising on product differentiation and global reach
– Evolution of advertising in the 20th century with the rise of mass marketing strategies

**Advertising Techniques and Strategies:**
– Branding to associate products with specific qualities
– Direct-response advertising for immediate sales
– Use of targeted slogans, images, and phrases
– Psychological insights in advertising by figures like Edward Bernays
– Role of women in shaping advertising strategies and messages

**Media and Platforms in Advertising:**
– Traditional media like billboards, radio, and television
– Cable television’s impact on advertising trends
– Emergence of internet advertising during the dot-com boom
– Various advertising models like infomercials, radio advertising, and online advertising
– Product placements in entertainment and media as a form of advertising

**New Trends and Approaches in Advertising:**
– New media approaches like advanced data-driven advertising
– Rise of internet and mobile advertising in the digital age
– Niche marketing strategies targeting specific audiences
– Incorporation of celebrities in advertising campaigns
– Aerial advertising as a unique and attention-grabbing approach

**Global Advertising Industry and Market Trends:**
– Worldwide advertising spending statistics
– Major international advertising agency groups
– Classification of advertising by style, target audience, and purpose
– Impact of radio and television on advertising practices
– Evolution of advertising with the introduction of new media approaches

Advertising (Wikipedia)

Advertising is the practice and techniques employed to bring attention to a product or service. Advertising aims to put a product or service in the spotlight in hopes of drawing it attention from consumers. It is typically used to promote a specific good or service, but there are wide range of uses, the most common being the commercial advertisement.

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A commercial on the Berlin U-Bahn that reads: "Did you know... that Wikipedia has more sister projects?", followed by an URL to Germany's Wikimedia chapter

Commercial advertisements often seek to generate increased consumption of their products or services through "branding", which associates a product name or image with certain qualities in the minds of consumers. On the other hand, ads that intend to elicit an immediate sale are known as direct-response advertising. Non-commercial entities that advertise more than consumer products or services include political parties, interest groups, religious organizations and governmental agencies. Non-profit organizations may use free modes of persuasion, such as a public service announcement. Advertising may also help to reassure employees or shareholders that a company is viable or successful.

In the 19th century, soap businesses were among the first to employ large-scale advertising campaigns. Thomas J. Barratt was hired by Pears to be its brand manager—the first of its kind—and in addition to creating slogans and images he recruited West End stage actress and socialite Lillie Langtry to become the poster-girl for Pears, making her the first celebrity to endorse a commercial product. Modern advertising originated with the techniques introduced with tobacco advertising in the 1920s, most significantly with the campaigns of Edward Bernays, considered the founder of modern, "Madison Avenue" advertising.

Worldwide spending on advertising in 2015 amounted to an estimated US$529.43 billion. Advertising's projected distribution for 2017 was 40.4% on TV, 33.3% on digital, 9% on newspapers, 6.9% on magazines, 5.8% on outdoor and 4.3% on radio. Internationally, the largest ("Big Five") advertising agency groups are Omnicom, WPP, Publicis, Interpublic, and Dentsu.

In Latin, advertere means "to turn towards".

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