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**Etymology and Taxonomy**:
– The term ‘tangerine’ originated from Tangier, Morocco.
– Initially used to describe fruit from Tangier, Morocco.
– Scientifically known as Citrus nobilis var. tangeriana.
– Under the Tanaka system, Citrus tangerina is a separate species.
– The Swingle system considers tangerines a group of mandarin varieties.

**Description and Nomenclature**:
– Tangerines are smaller and less round than oranges.
– Sweeter, less sour, and stronger in taste than oranges.
– Ripe tangerines are firm, slightly soft, and orange with thin peel.
– Major tangerine producers in 2021 include China, Spain, and Turkey.
– Important tangerine hybrids in Florida include murcotts and Sunbursts.

**Production and Global Importance**:
– In 2021, global tangerine production was 42 million tonnes.
– China led in tangerine production with 60% of the total.
– Tangerines, mandarins, and clementines are included in production figures.
– Tangerine production has significant economic importance worldwide.
– Tangerines are grown in various regions globally.

**Varieties and Cultivation**:
– Dancy Tangerine
– Murcott (Honey Tangerine)
– Sunburst Tangerine
– Fallglo Tangerine
– Satsuma cultivars
– Tangerines were first cultivated in the Americas by Major Atway.

**Sources, Research, and Nutritional Information**:
– Nature journal,,, Slowfood USA, National Academies Press.
– Larry K. Jackson & Stephen H. Futch, United States Food and Drug Administration.
– Nutritional Information: Daily Value, Dietary Reference Intakes for Sodium and Potassium.
– Publication Details: Year 2018, Journal Nature, Volume 554 (7692), Pages 311–316, DOI: 10.1038/nature25447.
– ISBN: 978-0-309-48834-1, PMID: 30844154.

Tangerine (Wikipedia)

The tangerine is a type of citrus fruit that is orange in color, that is considered either a variety of Citrus reticulata, the mandarin orange, or a closely related species, under the name Citrus tangerina, or yet as a hybrid (Citrus × tangerina) of mandarin orange varieties, with some pomelo contribution.

Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Citrus
C. × tangerina
Binomial name
Citrus × tangerina
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