Skip to Content


« Back to Glossary Index

**Historical Development of Technology:**
– Etymology:
– Term ‘technology’ derived from Greek words ‘tékhnē’ and ‘-logía’
– Evolution of the term in different languages over centuries
– Prehistoric and Neolithic Eras:
– Development of tools through observation and trial and error
– Impact of fire on human brain growth and language
– Importance of clothing, shelter, and agriculture
– Ancient and Pre-modern Times:
– Inventions like the wheel, irrigation systems, and wind power
– Advancements in metallurgy and complex societal structures
– Technological innovations in various ancient civilizations

**Technological Advancements Through the Ages:**
– Medieval and Renaissance Period:
– Innovations in silk production, printing press, and universities
– Integration of simple machines into complex tools
– Modern Era:
– Revolution of personal transportation with automobiles
– Industrial Revolution and its impact on various fields
– Development of new technologies in medicine, physics, and engineering
– Social Impact:
– Influence of technology on economic growth and social structures
– Role of technology in welfare, medical progress, and social disruptions

**Impact of Technology on Society:**
– Economic Growth and Welfare:
– Technological advancements as a driver of long-term economic growth
– Contributions of technology to human welfare and medical progress
– Social and Environmental Effects:
– Disruption of social hierarchies and pollution caused by technology
– Challenges and benefits of technological advancements on society
– Technological Advancements:
– Key milestones like nuclear fission, computers, and the Internet
– Impacts of Information technology and the Space Age

**Technological Advancements and Security Concerns:**
– Security Issues:
– Growing concerns about security and privacy in the digital age
– Criminal activities exploiting technology for illicit purposes
– Sanctions and measures to address security threats
– Automation and AI:
– Impact of automation on labor markets
– Predictions about AI replacing and creating jobs
– Effects of robotics on employment ratios

**Environmental Impact of Technology:**
– Environmental Concerns:
– Negative and positive impacts of technology on the environment
– Contributions to pollution, deforestation, and global warming
– Challenges in reversing environmental damage caused by technology

Technology (Wikipedia)

Technology is the application of conceptual knowledge for achieving practical goals, especially in a reproducible way. The word technology can also mean the products resulting from such efforts, including both tangible tools such as utensils or machines, and intangible ones such as software. Technology plays a critical role in science, engineering, and everyday life.

Photo of technicians working on a steam turbine
A steam turbine with the case opened, an example of energy technology

Technological advancements have led to significant changes in society. The earliest known technology is the stone tool, used during prehistoric times, followed by the control of fire, which contributed to the growth of the human brain and the development of language during the Ice Age. The invention of the wheel in the Bronze Age allowed greater travel and the creation of more complex machines. More recent technological inventions, including the printing press, telephone, and the Internet, have lowered barriers to communication and ushered in the knowledge economy.

While technology contributes to economic development and improves human prosperity, it can also have negative impacts like pollution and resource depletion, and can cause social harms like technological unemployment resulting from automation. As a result, there are ongoing philosophical and political debates about the role and use of technology, the ethics of technology, and ways to mitigate its downsides.

« Back to Glossary Index