Skip to Content

Conflicts of interest in academic publishing

« Back to Glossary Index

**Management of Conflicts of Interest in Academic Publishing:**
– Institutional ethics policies banning specific types of COIs
– Education in ethical COI management as a preventive tool
– General consensus in favor of disclosure of COIs
– Criticisms of disclosure policies including potential bias and decreased public trust
– Codes of conduct in journals and guidelines by organizations like the ICMJE and CSE

**Conflicts of Interest in Journal Operations:**
– Lack of transparency in institutional COIs of journals
– Impact of conflicts on reprint sales and journal reputation
– Challenges in enforcing COI policies and legislation
– Impact factor manipulation and advertising revenue conflicts
– Ownership-related COIs, especially in profit maximization

**Conflicts of Interest Involving Journal Staff and Peer Reviewers:**
– Personal COIs of journal staff and the lack of reporting
– Peer reviewers’ disclosure obligations and issues with non-compliance
– Challenges in addressing conflicts between reviewers and authors
– Common occurrence of editors receiving industry payments
– Lack of policies for reporting wrongdoing by editors

**Conflicts of Interest Involving Article Authors and Study Sponsors:**
– Conflicts faced by authors due to various interests
– Influence of study sponsors on study design and reporting
– Industry funding’s impact on research outcomes and conclusions
– Ethical considerations regarding research participants and consent agreements
– Non-disclosure of conflicts leading to retractions and career harm

**Ethical Considerations and Strategies in Academic Publishing:**
– Upholding editorial independence and integrity
– Strategies for addressing COIs such as transparent disclosure policies
– Challenges in managing COIs and ensuring accountability
– Ethical guidelines for authorship and sponsorship in clinical research
– Impact of COIs on trust in research integrity and public health policies

Conflicts of interest (COIs) often arise in academic publishing. Such conflicts may cause wrongdoing and make it more likely. Ethical standards in academic publishing exist to avoid and deal with conflicts of interest, and the field continues to develop new standards. Standards vary between journals and are unevenly applied. According to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, "[a]uthors have a responsibility to evaluate the integrity, history, practices and reputation of the journals to which they submit manuscripts".

Conflicts of interest undermine the reliability of some academic journal articles cited on Wikipedia. The Sponsored Point of View panel discusses this problem in 2012

Conflicts of interest increase the likelihood of biases arising; they can harm the quality of research and the public good (even if disclosed). Conflicts of interest can involve research sponsors, authors, journals, journal staff, publishers, and peer reviewers.

« Back to Glossary Index