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**History of Geneva:**
– Geneva’s Roman origins and Christianization in the Late Roman Empire.
– Transition from rule under the Holy Roman Empire to House of Savoy dominance.
– Emergence of an oligarchic republican government in the 15th century.

**Geography and Climate of Geneva:**
– Location at the south-western end of Lake Geneva surrounded by mountain chains.
– Description of Geneva’s oceanic climate influenced by proximity to mountains.
– Details on topography, land use, temperatures, precipitation, and sunshine hours.

**Political Landscape of Geneva:**
– Overview of Geneva’s administrative structure, including districts and governing bodies.
– Results and voter turnout statistics from recent elections.
– Metropolitan cooperation initiatives and international relations.

**Demographics and Language in Geneva:**
– Population growth rates, demographics, and commuting patterns.
– Official languages and language distribution in Geneva.
– Historical population trends and religious diversity in the city.

**Housing and Crime in Geneva:**
– Housing statistics such as types of residences, occupancy rates, and rent prices.
– Crime rates, types of crimes, and law enforcement efforts in Geneva.
– Details on apartment and house prices in Geneva’s real estate market.

Geneva (Wikipedia)

Geneva (/əˈnvə/ jə-NEE-və; French: Genève [ʒənɛv] ) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and the most populous of the French-speaking Romandy. Situated in the southwest of the country, where the Rhône exits Lake Geneva, it is the capital of the Republic and Canton of Geneva, and a centre for international diplomacy. Geneva hosts the highest number of international organizations in the world.

Genève (French)
Location of Geneva
Genève (French)
Geneva Genève (French) is located in Switzerland
Geneva Genève (French)
Genève (French)
Geneva Genève (French) is located in Canton of Geneva
Geneva Genève (French)
Genève (French)
Coordinates: 46°12′06″N 06°08′49″E / 46.20167°N 6.14694°E / 46.20167; 6.14694
 • ExecutiveConseil administratif
with 5 members
 • MayorLa Mairie (list)
Alfonso Gomez Green Party of Switzerland
(as of June 2023)
 • ParliamentConseil municipal
with 80 members
 • Total15.92 km2 (6.15 sq mi)
(Pont du Mont Blanc)
375 m (1,230 ft)
Highest elevation
(Chemin du Pommier)
457 m (1,499 ft)
Lowest elevation
(Le Rhône)
370 m (1,210 ft)
 (31 December 2018)
 • Total201,741
 • Density13,000/km2 (33,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Genevan or Genevese
French: Genevois(e)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (Central European Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)
Postal code(s)
1200, or 1201–09 Genève, 1213 Petit-Lancy, 1227 Les Acacias
SFOS number6621
Surrounded byCarouge, Chêne-Bougeries, Cologny, Lancy, Grand-Saconnex, Pregny-Chambésy, Vernier, Veyrier
Twin townsNone
SFSO statistics

The city of Geneva (ville de Genève) had a population of 203,951 in January 2020 within its municipal territory of 16 km2 (6 sq mi), but the larger Canton of Geneva had a population of 504,128 over 246 km2 (95 sq mi). The Geneva metropolitan area as officially defined by Eurostat, including suburbs and exurbs in Vaud and the French departments of Ain and Haute-Savoie, extends over 2,292 km2 (885 sq mi) and had a population of 1,044,766 at the time.

Since 2013, the Canton of Geneva, the Nyon District (in the canton of Vaud), and the Pôle métropolitain du Genevois français (lit.'Metropolitan hub of the French Genevan territory', a federation of eight French intercommunal councils), have formed Grand Genève ("Greater Geneva"), a Local Grouping of Transnational Cooperation (GLCT in French, a public entity under Swiss law) in charge of organizing cooperation within the cross-border metropolitan area of Geneva (in particular metropolitan transports). The Grand Genève GLCT extends over 1,996 km2 (771 sq mi) and had a population of 1,037,407 in Jan. 2020 (Swiss estimates and French census), 58.4% of them living on Swiss territory, and 41.6% on French territory.

Geneva is a global city, a financial centre, and a worldwide centre for diplomacy due to the presence of numerous international organizations, including the headquarters of many agencies of the United Nations and the ICRC and IFRC of the Red Cross. In the aftermath of World War I, it hosted the League of Nations. It was where the Geneva Conventions on humanitarian treatment in war were signed. It shares a unique distinction with municipalities such as New York City (global headquarters of the UN), Basel (Bank for International Settlements), and Strasbourg (Council of Europe) as a city which serves as the headquarters of at least one critical international organization without being the capital of a country.

The city has been referred to as the world's most compact metropolis and the "Peace Capital". In 2023, Geneva was ranked as the world's tenth most important financial centre by the Global Financial Centres Index, second in Europe behind London. In 2019, Geneva was ranked among the ten most liveable cities in the world by Mercer, alongside Zürich and Basel, as well as the thirteenth most expensive city in the world. In a UBS ranking of global cities in 2018, Geneva was ranked first for gross earnings, second most expensive, and fourth in purchasing power.

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