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Arab League

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**Arab League Establishment and Membership:**
– Founded in 1945 with 22 member states.
– Aims to promote economic, cultural, and political cooperation.
– Notable for the Arab Peace Initiative of 2002.
– Headquarters in Cairo, Egypt.
– Membership includes Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq.
– Syria, Yemen, and Libya have faced suspension.
– Discussions held on Syria’s readmission.
– Syria was readmitted in 2023.

**Arab League Activities and Policies:**
– Established a joint military force in 2015.
– Condemned military actions in the region.
– Addressed Israeli territorial annexation plans.
– Abstained from condemning UAE-Israel deal.
– Hosts annual summits with rotating host countries.
– Internal regulations govern its functioning.
– Has committees and a Secretariat-General.
– Focuses on crisis management and conflict resolution.
– Involved in peace initiatives.
– Upholds principles of non-interference and sovereignty.

**Arab League Demographics and Diversity:**
– Member states have diverse populations.
– Varying literacy rates across countries.
– Population estimates from various sources.
– Religious diversity is a notable aspect.
– Data available on specific member populations.
– Arabs are the largest ethnic group.
– Other ethnic groups include Berbers, Kurds, Somalis, Assyrians, Armenians, Nubians, Mandaeans, and Circassians.
– Majority adhere to Islam, with Christianity as the second largest religion.

**Geography and Economic Resources:**
– Member states cover over 13,000,000 km², spanning Africa and Asia.
– Rich in resources like oil and natural gas.
– Economic achievements vary among member states.
– Arab Gas Pipeline transports gas to several countries.
– Great fertile lands in southern Sudan.
– Significant economic differences exist among member states.
– Contains diverse geographical features such as deserts, mountains, and rivers.

**Transportation and Infrastructure:**
– Involved in major economic projects.
– Various transportation connections within the region.
– Nile Valley improving River Nile’s navigation system.
– Telecommunications industry growing steadily.
– Free trade Agreement aims to make products tax-free.
– Comoros archipelago trades with Arab League members.
– Plans for railway connections and infrastructure projects.

Arab League (Wikipedia)

The Arab League (Arabic: الجامعة العربية, al-Jāmiʿa al-ʻArabiyya Arabic pronunciation: [al.d͡ʒaː.mi.ʕa al.ʕa.ra.bij.ja] ), formally the League of Arab States (Arabic: جامعة الدول العربية, Jāmiʿat ad-Duwal al-ʿArabiyya), is a regional organization in the Arab world. The Arab League was formed in Cairo on 22 March 1945, initially with six members: Egypt, Iraq, Transjordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and Syria. Yemen joined as a member on 5 May 1945. Currently, the League has 22 members.

League of Arab States
  • جامعة الدول العربية (Arabic)
    Jāmiʿat ad-Duwal al-ʿArabiyya
Emblem of the Arab League
Member states shown in dark green
Member states shown in dark green
Administrative centerCairo, Egypta
Official languages
TypeRegional organization
Ahmed Aboul Gheit
Ali Al-Daqbaashi
LegislatureArab Parliament
22 March 1945
18 June 1950
11 September 1965
6 April 1983
2 January 2005
• Total area
13,132,327 km2 (5,070,420 sq mi) (2nd)
• 2022 estimate
462,940,089 (3rd)
• Density
27.17/km2 (70.4/sq mi)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
$3.4 trillion (5th)
• Per capita
Time zoneUTC+0 to +4
  1. From 1979 to 1990, Tunis, Tunisia.

The League's main goal is to "draw closer the relations between member states and co-ordinate collaboration between them, to safeguard their independence and sovereignty, and to consider in a general way the affairs and interests of the Arab countries". The organization has received a relatively low level of cooperation throughout its history.

Through institutions, notably the Arab League Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization (ALECSO) and the Economic and Social Council of its Council of Arab Economic Unity (CAEU), the League facilitates political, economic, cultural, scientific, and social programmes designed to promote the interests of the Arab world. It has served as a forum for the member states to coordinate policy, arrange studies of and committees as to matters of common concern, settle inter-state disputes and limit conflicts such as the 1958 Lebanon crisis. The League has served as a platform for the drafting and conclusion of many landmark documents promoting economic integration. One example is the Joint Arab Economic Action Charter, which outlines the principles for economic activities in the region.

Each member state has one vote in the Council of the Arab League, and decisions are binding only for those states that have voted for them. The aims of the league in 1945 were to strengthen and coordinate the political, cultural, economic and social programs of its members and to mediate disputes among them or between them and third parties. Furthermore, the signing of an agreement on Joint Defence and Economic Cooperation on 13 April 1950 committed the signatories to coordination of military defence measures. In March 2015, the Arab League General Secretary announced the establishment of a Joint Arab Force with the aim of counteracting extremism and other threats to the Arab States. The decision was reached while Operation Decisive Storm was intensifying in Yemen. Participation in the project is voluntary, and the army intervenes only at the request of one of the member states. Heightened military arsenal in many member states and, in a small minority, civil wars as well as terrorist movements were the impetuses for JAF's establishment.

In the early 1970s, the Economic Council put forward a proposal to create the Joint Arab Chambers of Commerce across international states. That led to the setting up of mandates to promote, encourage and facilitate bilateral trade between the Arab world and significant trading partners.

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