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British royal family

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**Royal Family Members:**
– The Lord Chamberlains List includes King George VI’s descendants and spouses, Queen Elizabeth II’s cousins with royal rank, and their spouses.
– Core members include King Charles III, Queen Camilla, Prince William, Princess Catherine, Princess Anne, Prince Edward, Sophie, and more.
– Lower profile relatives like Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester, and others perform some duties.
– Line of succession and royal titles are indicated for living individuals.
– Prince George, Princess Charlotte, Prince Louis of Wales, Prince Harry, Meghan, and others are also part of the royal family.

**Titles and Surnames:**
– Monarchs’ children and grandchildren are entitled to prince or princess with His or Her Royal Highness style.
– Male-line descendants of King George V use the surname Windsor; descendants of Queen Elizabeth II use Mountbatten-Windsor.
– Surnames are used on official documents by royal family members entitled to prince or princess titles.
– Wives of male royals share their husbands’ title and style.
– Peerages are bestowed on most princes before marriage; titles pass to eldest sons.

**Public Role:**
– Members support the monarch in state and national duties and carry out charity work.
– Counsellors of state fulfill sovereign duties if the monarch is indisposed.
– The royal family conducts over 2,000 official engagements yearly.
– Public appearances, walkabouts, and interactions with the public are common.
– Family members represent the monarch on official visits as ambassadors.

**Cultural Icons and Impact:**
– Members of the royal family are regarded as British and world cultural icons.
– Engagements are recorded in the Court Circular.
– Family members perform investitures and represent the monarch on state visits.
– The royal family is considered soft power assets, fostering diplomatic relations.
– Young adults abroad associate the royal family with British culture, promoting British industry.

**Independence, Integrity, and Funding:**
– Members of the royal family are politically and commercially independent to avoid conflicts of interest.
– The royal family is referred to as The Firm by courtiers.
– Funding comes from revenues of the Crown Estate, not direct taxpayers’ money.
– Senior royal family members draw income from the sovereign grant.
– Members receiving sovereign grant money must be accountable to the public.

The British royal family comprises King Charles III and his close relations. There is no strict legal or formal definition of who is or is not a member, although the Royal Household has issued different lists outlining who is a part of the royal family. Members often support the monarch in undertaking public engagements, and pursue charitable work and interests. Members of the royal family are regarded as British and world cultural icons.

The royal family on the balcony of Buckingham Palace after the annual Trooping the Colour parade in 2023. From left to right: Timothy Laurence; Anne, Princess Royal; Prince George; Prince Louis, situated in front of Catherine, Princess of Wales; Princess Charlotte, situated in front of William, Prince of Wales; King Charles III; Queen Camilla; Prince Edward, Duke of Edinburgh; Sophie, Duchess of Edinburgh; Prince Edward, Duke of Kent; Birgitte, Duchess of Gloucester; Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester
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